Afghanistan’s women sparked hope for positive change by marching without fear, demanding that the Taliban will not take away their freedom. On a global scale, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and more than a hundred countries have urged the Taliban leadership to administer Afghanistan in accordance with international norms, rather than as it has in the past. China and Russia abstained from the vote in the (UNSC) while their Diplomats are still stationed in Afghanistan.
According to reports, there are 9 billion dollars available for the Afghanistan government to use for development and day-to-day running of government. Furthermore, if the Taliban does not follow its promise of peace, amnesty, and preventing the country from becoming a shelter for terrorists, the Afghan people may lose foreign investments, which is also a concern for China, which has significant assets in the country.
Afghanistan has been asked to form an inclusive government that is representative and reflective of its diverse population in order to move forward. Afghanistan is very similar to Switzerland. It is not a self-contained ethnic group with a unified culture. Afghanistan has the world’s largest refugee population, with 25 million Afghans displaced and several million in the diaspora as a result of Russian and American invasions. Thousands of people are currently fleeing the country owing to the Taliban’s reign. The Taliban needs, more than ever, to persuade the country’s talented and skilled populace to remain in the country for the country’s restoration. Its economy and civil society will depend on human assets, international assistance, foreign investments, and the unity and joint efforts of the diverse inhabitants of the country, such as the prominent Afghan ethnolinguistic groups like the Pashtuns, Talik, Uzbek, Hazara, Nuristani, and Baluch.
Consequently, the Afghanistan government’s behavior with its people and the international community along with the Afghan people’s contributions to their country will have an impact on its future. There is a severe issue of trust. Overall, the Afghans do not trust the Taliban, yet they allowed the Taliban in 4 months to overthrow the Afghan government and its supporters, US/NATO. History in Afghanistan has proven that its diverse population has a common thread that unites them. The motivator for unity is the fact that the population, in spite of cultural and ethnic differences, does not like a foreign occupation. There is a trust issue also with foreign powers and their imperialistic history. However, for a viable future for the Afghan people, there must be a coming together internally with positive support from the key role players in the international community. The United States of America, European Union, United Kingdom, Pakistan, India, Russia, China, and the Arab League, have been key role players in Afghanistan’s past and are making decisions in the present on how to deal with Afghanistan’s new government which can determine some of its future.