CAR ATROCITY ALERT BY THE GLOBAL CENTRE FOR THE R2P

CAR

CAR ATROCITY ALERT BY THE GLOBAL CENTRE FOR THE R2P

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC ACKNOWLEDGES ABUSES INVOLVING ‘RUSSIAN INSTRUCTORS’

GCR2P 2021/10/06 20:53

Atrocity Alert is a weekly publication by the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect highlighting situations where populations are at risk of, or are enduring, mass atrocity crimes.

“For the first time, on Friday, 1 October, the government of the Central African Republic (CAR) recognized “proven incidents” where serious violations of human rights and International Humanitarian Law (IHL) were committed involving “Russian instructors.”  The Special Commission of Inquiry delivered its report last Friday regarding alleged violations perpetrated by the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) as well as by various predatory armed groups between December 2020 and April 2021.  Although the report attributed some responsibility to the FACA and their Russian allies, it asserted that the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) – an alliance of non-state armed groups – committed the majority of human rights violations and abuses.

The Commission’s findings bolster recent UN reports that the CPC has killed and abducted civilians, perpetrated sexual violence, and forcibly recruited child soldiers. Meanwhile, according to the UN, the FACA and Internal Security Forces (FSI), as well as allied Russian “instructors,” have perpetrated summary executions, arbitrary killings, torture and forced disappearances.

Civilians have experienced increased armed conflict since the CPC launched a campaign to overthrow the government last December.  During June, Mankeur Ndiaye, head of the UN peacekeeping force in CAR, warned that the number of human rights violations was unequalled in the country’s recent history.  FACA and FSI troops prevented the CPC from taking the capital, Bangui, but pose an ongoing threat to civilians.

On 13 September the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, expressed her concern over the “significant deterioration of the human rights situation” in CAR.  From February to June, her office documented a 76 percent increase in human rights violations and abuses, including killings, while the number of documented victims increased by 88 percent as compared to the same period in 2020.

In an interview with the BBC, Christine Caldera, Research Analyst at the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, said that while the security forces in CAR “are making progress in recapturing territory, they are wreaking havoc on the civilian population and not restoring stability whatsoever.” She later added that “all perpetrators of atrocity crimes in CAR should be held legally accountable, regardless of their rank, affiliation or nationality.”  While resisting the depredations of the CPC and other armed groups, it is imperative that all forces supporting the CAR government uphold their responsibility to protect vulnerable civilians.”

The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (GCR2P) is an independent organization that focuses on conducting research, analysis and advocacy in relation to mass atrocity.

The GI ADVISORY is a security and research firm whose primary purpose is to contribute to world order and stability.

As stated in this atrocity alert “All perpetrators of atrocity crimes in CAR should be held legally accountable, regardless of their rank, affiliation or nationality.”  It is commonly thought that serious violations of human rights and International Humanitarian Law (IHL), as well as the legality of the means and methods of combat, are mainly perpetrated by non-state armed groups, rather than by state forces or peacekeepers.  Regrettably, this is not the case.  A deliberate effort is needed to educate the forces and the general public about how to apply the rules and norms that regulate armed hostilities.

Lunga Dweba

Defusing conflict with intellect

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